How does memory change over the stages of childhood (infants/toddlers; preschoolers; middle childhood; adolescence)?

Ch. 6 Cognitive Growth: Information Processing

Study Questions: (10 points) – Write responses to each of the following questions. Write the responses in your own words, do not copy and paste from your textbook, or another source. Cite a reference for the information provided for each question. Include a reference list.

Rubric

· Responses to questions are accurate. – 5 points

· Each question has a reference citation in APA format; reference list is included/accurate. – 2 points.

· Responses are written in student’s voice. – 3 points.

­­­­­­­­1. Describe the information processing model.

Description:

2. Define the following terms:

Encoding

Definition:

Storage

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Retrieval

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Automatization

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3. The information processing theory includes a three-system approach for taking in and remembering information.  What happens in each of those three systems (sensory store, short-term memory, long-term memory)?

4. Define the following terms:

Rehearsal

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Working memory

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Infantile amnesia

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Autobiographical memory

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Scripts

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Metamemory

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Critical thinking

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Information processing

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Transference

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5. Being able to pay attention is an important aspect of information processing.  Define the following:

Attention

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Control of Attention

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Planning

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6.  How does memory change over the stages of childhood (infants/toddlers; preschoolers; middle childhood; adolescence)?

7. When applying information processing to real world situations, we often relate it to classroom teaching, and how we teach young children to read.  Briefly describe:

Code-based approaches

Description:

Whole-language approaches

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