How is DNA read during transcription?

1- The first thing that happens during transcriptions is ___________.

A. Something comes along and reads the DNA C. Amino Acids are lines up.

B. DNA unzips.

C. Amino Acids are lines up.

D. The two copies of DNA untangle to allow for cell division.

2- Nucleic Acids are made up of all of the following except___________?

A. protein

B. sugar

C. phosphate

D. bases

3- Which of the following is NOT a base in DNA?

A. Adenine

B. Guanine

C. Ribose

D. Cytosine

4- How do bases in DNA pair up?

A. A-T,C-G

B. A-G, T,C

C. A-C, G-T

D. A-R, G-J

5- What is the first thing that happens when DNA is ready to replicate?

A. An enzyme reads half of a DNA strand

B. The two stands of DNA are pulled apart

C. Cell division takes place

D. RNA writes the corresponding base

6- Which of the following is NOT something an enzyme does?

A. Take apart molecules

B. Drive all chemical reactions in the body

C. Put together molecules

D. Controls body temperature

7- If an enzyme is misshapen, which of the following will occur?

A. It will “turn on” the process

B. It will not affect the process

C. It will “turn off” the process

D. None of the above

8- Which logic gate does a G-protein process act like if it requires two G-protein active?

A. And

B. Not

C. Or

D. None of the above

9- Which logic gate does a G- protein process act like it requires two G- proteins one off?

A. And

B. Not

C. Or

D. None of the above

10- Which of the following is the brain responsible for?

A. Thinking

B. Handles physical motion when walking

C. Controlling blood pressure

D. All of the above

11- ___________ is a reflex eye movement that stabilizes images on the reins during head movement.

a. Cerebrum

b. Vestibulo- ocular reflex

c. Medulla oblongata

d. Axons

12- Which of the following is Not one of the four primary regions of the brain?

A. Medulla oblongata

B. Brain stem

C. Cerebellum

D. Cerebrum

13- Which of the following is Not one of the reflex centers controlled by the medulla oblongata.

A. Respiratory rate

B. Hiccupping

C. Sneezing

D. Twitting

14- The reflex centers of the medulla oblongata resemble a computer process by doing which of the following?

A. Input

B. Process

C. Output

D. All of the above

15- Which of the following is not one of the principle pairs of the neuron?

A. Diencephalon

B. Soma ( cell body)

C. Dendrite

D. Axon

16- Which of the following is the part of a neuron that process input?

A. Dendrites

B. Axon

C. Soma (cell body)

D. Synapses

17- Which of the following is the part of a neuron that turns processed input into output?

A. Dendrites

B. Axon

C. Soma (cell body)

D. Synapses

18- Which of the following is NOT a use for an artificial neural network?

A- Prediction

B- Pattern recognition

C- Sensory perception

D- Diagnosis

19- Which of the following reflex centers of the medulla oblongata process information with “input” and “output”?

A. Coughing

B. Swallowing

C. Sneezing

D. All of the above

20- -Landauer’s principle ilinstartes which of the following laws?

A. 1st empirical law

B. 1st law of thermodynamics

C. 2nd empirical law

D. 2nd law of themodynamics

21- A_______ is a collection of primitive electronic devices that simulate the human neural sysyem.

A. Artificial neural network

B. Central intelligence

C. Artificial intelligence

D. Central network

22- All the following describe m RNA except_______.

A. It uses Ribose for its sugar

B. It uses Uracil as one of its bases

C. It uses Thymine as one of its bases

D. It is single stranded

23- Which of the following base is not found in an RNA structure?

A. Adenine

B. Cytosine

C. Guanine

D. Thymine

24- How is DNA read during transcription?

A. A’s first

B. One base at a time

C. three bases at a time

D. by Codons

25- Where does translation occur?

A. Nucleus

B. Cytoplasm

C. Interstitial space

D. None of the above

26- Where does transcription occur?

A. Nucleus

B. Cytoplasm

C. Interstitial space

D. None of the above

T and F

27- DNA is made up of nucleic acids. T

28- The vestibule-ocular reflex produces an eye movement in the direction opposite to head movement. T

29- DNA and Turing machines are similar because in both, a structure or device moves along a strand of symbol reading and then writing a new symbol based on what it just read. T

30- If an enzyme is correctly shaped, it represents a 1. The enzyme is active and the reaction goes. T

31- If the sugar in a nucleic acid is Ribose, then it is DNA. F

32- DNA stands for deoxyribonucleic acid. T

33- Translation codes for a string of amino acids. T

34- According to the author of our textbook, science is a description of reality, not and explanation of reality. T

35- In the Chinese room argument , a non-Chinese speaking person is put in a room with cards that have Chinese writing on them. T

36- Once DNA has replicated, the two copies are untangled to allow cell division to take place. T

37- DNA is biology’s version of a Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle. F

38- The medulla oblongata controls 6 reflex centers. F

39- The conclusion to the Chinese room argument is that a computer computes whereas a brain thinking, understand and has consciousness. T

40- The medulla oblongata is part of the brain stem. T

41- Neurons use chemical mechanisms to transfer an electric impulse from cell to cell to affect a response. T

42- Artificial neural networks act similarly to sensory perception. T

43- An axon in a neuron has a protective coating to help insulate the electrical signal sent along its length. T

44- The dendrites of one neuron synapse (come together with) with the dendrites of the next neuron. F

45- The most successful applications of neural networks are in categorization and pattern recognition. T

46- Rolf Landaauer discovered that the process of erasing a bit of information dissipates a small amount heat. T

47- The process of Transcription creates a strand of RNA. T

48- If an enzyme is correctly shaped, it will represent a 0, and the reaction will go. F

49- A large portion of enzymes are proteins. F

50- The pendulum clock provided science with a tool of unprecedented accuracy. F

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