In history, you learned that some decisions made by leaders in a group situation were not always the right or morally correct decisions. Some examples include the atrocities of the Nazi’s, slavery, segregation, Watergate, cults and gangs, along with many others. How could such decisions have been made, especially within a group setting? While none of these decisions were acceptable or condoned, the concept of “Groupthink” helps us understand such mentality. This assignment will assist you in gaining insight into a “Groupthink” mentality.
In this assignment, you will describe a situation in which you were involved in a group decision-making process.
Perform the following tasks:
· Complete the reading assignment and the interactive lesson before attempting this assignment.
· Review the table below and answer the questions on page 2.
|Characteristics of Groupthink|
|Invulnerability||Members feel they cannot fail.|
|Rationalization||Members explain away warning signs and help each other rationalize their decision.|
|Lack of introspection||Members do not examine the ethical implications of their decision because they believe that they cannot make immoral choices.|
|Stereotyping||Members stereotype their enemies as weak, stupid, or unreasonable.|
|Pressure||Members pressure each other not to question the prevailing opinion.|
|Lack of disagreement||Members do not express opinions that differ from the group consensus.|
|Self-deception||Members share in the illusion that they all agree with the decision.|
|Insularity||Members prevent the group from hearing disruptive but potentially useful information from people who are outside the group.|
· Your responses (approximately 250 words) must have correct spelling and grammar.
· Submit Week 9 Assignment via Blackboard by clicking on the “Week 9 Assignment” link.
· Include the proper file naming convention: PSY101H_wk9_assn_jsmith_mmddyyyy.
|Gradable items in assignment||Points|
|Describe participation in a group decision that was not effective.||10|
|Describe the result of the problem to be solved.||10|
|Describe characteristics of groupthink.||15|
|Assignment is free of spelling and grammar errors.||5|
Respond to the following prompts:
1. Groupthink does not lead to good decisions. Describe a time when you participated in a group decision that was not effective. The situation can involve family, work, or a social group.
2. Was the problem easily solved, difficult to solve, or not solved at all?
3. What characteristics of groupthink were involved?
Janis, I. (1972). Victims of groupthink. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin
Janis, I. (1982). Groupthink (2nd ed.). Boston: Houghton-Mifflin