Within nursing many theories provide the model for practice and research. One example is Reeds Self-Transcendence theory.
In this theory individuals who face increased vulnerability or mortality may acquire an increased capacity for self-transcendence and its positive influence on mental health and well-being (DiNapoli et al 2014 p. 91). The nurse in this theory functions to facilitate the enhancement of well-being through the disease experience (Smith and Parker 2015 p.412). The Self-Transcendence theory in its application to nursing practice can be viewed in various strategies; intrapersonal interpersonal activities and transpersonal (Smith and Parker 2015 p.415). Intrapersonal approaches assist the individual to integrate loss and change in ones life by looking inward with the goal of finding the purpose of living (Smith and Parker 2015 p.415).
In a study of Multiple Sclerosis by JadidMilani et al (2015) patients involved in peer support groups facilitated by nurses showed an increase in quality of life and overall health (JadidMilani et al 2015). Researchers utilized Reeds theory to build the framework for the study and the variables of peer support and its effect on the participants well-being and quality of life. This qualified as the best theoretical framework for the study due to the qualitative nature and the variable of sense of wellbeing was being measured.
This is one example of how self-transcendence practices help to internalize the health challenge with the support of others the goal of the group is the well-being of each participant. In facing challenges self-transcendence can assist the patient in maintaining a constant sense of integrity along with well-being through their disease process (JadidMilani et al 2015 p. 726).
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